BICS 2015 will be held at the New Campus of Anhui University, Hefei, Anhui Province, China.
About Hefei - Hefei, China, Capital of Anhui Province.
Anhui University - Information about the host university of BICS 2015.
The Venue - Description of the host venue for BICS 2015.
Reaching BICS 2015 - International and domestic travel advice.
Useful Information - A survival guide to Hefei.
Tourism - Information about tourist attactions in the vicinity.
Hefei, also known as Luzhou or Luyang in ancient times, is a historical city located in the central area of Anhui Province, between Changjiang and Huaihe Rivers, bordering Chaohu Lake in the south. Its administration covers Eastern City, Western City, Central City, as well as 4 suburban districts and 3 counties including Changfeng, Feidong, and Feixi. The total area is 7266 sq. km (458 sq. km for urban area) with a population of 4.259 million (1.2794 million in urban area). Broad avenues and beautiful landscape, modern constructions and historical relics present Hefei as a youthful yet time-honored city. As the capital city of Anhui Province, Hefei is the center of politics, economy, education, culture, information, finance, commerce, and communication. It is also a national A level opening city, national education base, and one of the three technology innovation pilot cities. It has seven national laboratories, second only to Beijing.
Hefei is located between the Yangtze River and the Huaihe River, and beside the Chaohu Lake. It is a mid-China city nearest to the coastal cities in eastern China. Under its jurisdiction, there are 3 counties namely Feidong, Feixi and Changfeng, and 4 districts namely Yaohai, Luyang, Shushan and Baohe. Hefei is also a transportation center of Anhui Province. Hefei Xinqiao International Airport provides scheduled passenger service to major airports in China and international cities. Hefei boasts of convenient transportation facilities such as the national highway No. 312 and No. 206, the provincial highways, as well as the expressways of Hefei-Nanjing, Hefei-Wuhu, Hefei-Anqing, Hefei-Xuzhou, Hefei-Tongling-Huangshan and Hefei-Huainan-Fuyang extending in all directions.
Hefei enjoys a subtropical humid monsoon climate featuring mild climate with distinct seasons and appropriate precipitation. In spring the temperature varies frequently with an obvious rain period, rainfall concentrates in summer while autumn has crisp air and clear sky. The average temperature is 15.7 Degrees C, the mean precipitation is about 1000 millimeters and sunshine-time accounts for 2163 hours annually.
Huangmei Opera, once called "Caicha Opera", is a local opera genre in Anhui Province. Lu Opera is a popular local opera which originated in Hefei. It became an independent style of opera in the era of Emperor Jiaqing of the Qing Dynasty and evolved from many artistic forms such as folk songs and folk dances. The arias are rich and various, and the performance is vivid. 'Natural and simple' is what makes Lu Opera a popular drama appreciated by all.
Anhui University is one of the key universities in the national "211 Project", jointly instigated by the People's Government of Anhui province and the Ministry of Eucation, as the key comprehensive university of Anhui province. It was founded in 1928 in the previous provincial capital, Anqing city, as the beginning of modern higher education institutions. During the anti-Japanese War, the University was forced to move west, and was reconstructed in 1946 as the National Institute of Anhui University. It moved to Wuhu in December 1949, and relocated in Hefei in 1956, where it has remained since.
The local currency in Hefei is the Chinese Yuan or RMB. Tax is usually included in the quoted price of an item or service. Most businesses accept internationally recognised credit cards. Tipping is not recommended in Hefei. Currency exchange is available at Hefei Airport and banks in the city, Bank of China ATMs are widely available and allow for international cash withdrawals.
The standard power supply in China is 220 volt AC with a frequency of 50 Hz. Hotels generally provide wall sockets accommodating both "straight two-pin plugs", and "triangular 3-pins plugs" and in bathroom for razors and hair dryers. Two pronged US or EU adapters can both generally be used.
The country code of China is 86 and the area code of Hefei is (0)551. Prepaid mobile phone cards, from China Mobile (GSM/TD-SCDMA) or China Unicom (GSM/WCDMA), can be purchased in retail shops with production of a passport.
Hefei has a wide variety of department stores. The Commercial Center of the city is located between Mid Changjiang Road and Huaihe Road and some recently emerged commercial complexes like Anhui Market, Changjiang Wholesale Market, and Yaohai Furniture Center have considerable influence both in and out of the province; largescale modern markets like Hefei Department Store, Gulou Department Store, Commercial Capital Department Store, and Lopson Department Store are the backbone of Hefei's commercial network. There are many shopping malls with a wide range of familiar shops.
With unique features, Baogong Park (Load Bao's Park) is an AAAA-level park located in Hefei. Xiaoyaojin (Carefree Ferry) park, Mt. Dashu, Mt. Zipeng, Daishan Lake and ancient Sanhe Town have distinctive views respectively. Hefei is an important tourist destination and also a tourist traffic center, in its neighboring area in 250 kilometers; there lie national famous scenic areas such as Mt. Huangshan, Mt. Jiuhua, Taiping Lake, Mt. Tianzhu, Mt. Langya, etc.
Lord Bao (999-1062), named Bao Zheng, was a renowned officer in the Northern Song Dynasty (960 - 1127). He is well respected because of his excellent personality, fair-minded judgments and strict family education. In commemoration, many memorial temples were built after his death. Among them the Memorial Temple of Lord Bao is the most famous one. This temple lies in Baohe Park in the southeastern part of his hometown, Hefei City. The current appearance of the temple is the result of reconstruction in the Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911).
The sites of the newly built Waxwork Museum of Lord Bao and Cultural Gallery of Lord Bao deserve a visit as well.
Located at the northeastern corner of Hefei old urban area, is a multi-function park with various service facilities, pleasant environment and beautiful scenery. It was an ancient battlefield in the Three Kingdoms period and regarded one of the top 10 scenic spots. The park covers an area of 31.3 hectares, of which water area accounts for 11.2 hectares. After many years of strenuous construction and maintenance, the park is a fan-shaped layout, divided by the water system into east and west parts.
The east part, with its vast water area and large lawns, is mainly for young people to amuse themselves in the playground, cultural area and the zoo. Here we have Xiaoyao (carefree) Pavilion, Dujin (ferry) Bridge, Xiaoyao Villa, Xiaoyao Lake, a statue to Zhang Liao (a general of Wei Kingdom during the Three Kingdoms Period), Children's Playground, Amusement Park, Lawn Square, Culture Corridor, and various kinds of service facilities such as restaurants and teahouses.
The west part, with interwoven rivulets and undulating topography, is rather a serene place for people to relax. The view changes here with every step in the tranquil path while you are enjoying the green shade of trees, beautiful garden houses and corridors. Plants are the major sight here, with additional ornamental and gardening articles. Trees, rockeries, architecture and water are integrated together, working out a rich-colored picture with many attractions like Waterside Pavilion, Meihua (plum blossom), Hill Peony Garden, Cangyou (secluded) Garden, Zhang Liao's Cenotaph and some showrooms.
Sanhe (Three Rivers) town is located on the Hefei-Huangshan-Jiuhuashan golden tourist route, 40km from the city proper of Hefei. Its present name was derived from the fact that the three rivers---the Fengle River, Hangbu River, and Xiaonan River intersect here. The town has a history of more than 2,500 years, covering an area of 4.71 square km, with a permanent population of 30,000. It attracts tourists because of its "eight ancient relics" (ancient rivers, ancient bridges, ancient villages surrounded by water, ancient streets, ancient teahouses, ancient civilian houses, ancient stages attached to temples, ancient battlefields). It is a typical "ancient town full of rivers and lakes, together with small bridges, flowing water and local dwellings." There is an often-quoted saying about Sanhe which goes a "To make a tour, one should go to the Huangshan Mountain; to sample food, one should visit Sanhe."
Mt. Huang (also known as Huangshang Mountain or Yellow Mountain), once called Mt. Yi in the ancient times and changed to Mt. Huang in the Tang Dynasty, is grandly situated in the south of Anhui Province and under the jurisdiction of Huangshang City. It covers a large area of about 1200 square kilometers including itsscenic area of 154 square kilometers among Huangshang District, Huizhou District, She County, Yi County and Xiuning County, extending 40 kilometers from south to north and 30 kilometers from east to west. Acknowledged and acclaimed as a national treasure and a world marvel, Mt. Huang Scenic Area is regarded as a symbol of the magnificent scenery of China.
Mt. Huang has long been known as "the most grotesque mountain in China ". The mountain stretches 250 square kilometers from northeast to southwest, featuring high-rising peaks and deep-descending ravines competing with each other mystically and impressively to show their charm. There are 77 peaks 1000 meters higher above sea level, with 36 larger lofty and steep ones and 36 smaller graceful and elegant ones. The three main peaks, named Lotus, Bright Top and Heavenly Capital, are all above 1800 meters over sea level, while the six scenic areas, known as Hot Spring, Pine Valley, North Sea, Jade Screen, Cloud Valley and White Cloud all have their own charming landscapes, different from each other.
Mt. Huang is also a natural zoo and a botanic garden. With dense woods and age-old giant trees, forest coverage amounted for 86.6%. There are about 1500 species of different plants and 500 various kinds of animals. There are more than 200 pavilions, temples and rock-chiseled inscriptions.
Mt.Huang boasts the grandness of Mt. Tai, the steepness of Mt. Hua, the cloud and mist of Mt. Heng, the waterfall scene of Mt. Lu, peculiar rocks of Mt. Yandang and the elegance of Mt. Emei, especially featuring fantastic pines, grotesque rocks, sea of cloud and hot springs. Famous as one of the first national key scenic area and a world tourist resort, the mountain was listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage site in 1990.
Mt. Jiuhua (nine beautiful flowers), originally known as Jiuzi Mountain, is a State-level Scenic and Historic Interest Area. Li Bai, the greatest poet of the ancient China, was overwhelmed with enjoyment of the nine peaks and compared them to nine blooming lotus flowers, and hence comes the present name of Mt. Jiuhua. Mt. Jiuhua, also known as "Buddha's Land with lotus flowers", together with Mt. Wutai, Mt. Emei and Mt. Putuo, are the 4 greatest mountains of Buddha establishments in China.
Till now, there are five scenic resorts open to tourists, namely the front part of the mountain, Jiuhua Street, Min Garden, Tiantai Peak and Huatai Peak. The total length of the footpaths extends about 30 kilometres, connecting and winding through the resorts. The coverage of the scenic area accounts for over 120 square kilometers, in which stand 94 temples housing about 700 monks and nuns.
Mt. Jiuhua has a long history in Buddhism, which was introduced in the Jin Dynasty and developed into its prime in the Tang Dynasty. In the Kaiyuan Period of the Tang Dynasty, Kim Kyo Kak, an eminent monk from Silla (the original capital of the kingdom was located in Gyeongju City, Republic of Korea), came across the sea to China and practiced Buddhism in Mt. Jiuhua. He was regarded as the reincarnation of Bodhisattva Ksitigarbba (God of Earth). After his nirvana, Mt. Jiuhua was enshrined to perform rites to worship him. There is a famous line in a poem to prove this: "There are more than 1,000 temples in Mt. Jiuhua dotted among the cloud and mist".
Among the four Famous Buddhist Mountains of China, Mt. Jiuhua tops others for its beautiful scenery. Besides, it has other two laurels, "the Most Worshipped Sacred Place" and "the No.1 Mountain in Southeast China". It is really a Holy Land of devotees to Buddhism.
According to some ancient records, there were ten famous scenic spots and attractions in Mt. Jiuhua. They are the Sun-rise in Tiantai Top, dusk bell-striking in Huacheng Temple, Yanzuo Pavilion at East Cliff, Devine Trace at Celestial Pillar Peak, Waterfall of the Bitao Precipice, Cloud-sea around Lotus Peak, Snowfall in the winter, Moonlight in the Shu Pool, Nine Springs and Five Streams. Now more have been added to the list, like Flying Waterfall in Dragon Pool, Bamboo Forest in Min Garden, Ganlu Temple, Suspended Buddhist Temple, Abundant Flower Garden, Forest of Lion Peak, Qinggou Valley, Dragon Cave and the age-old phoenix-shaped pine tree.